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October 26, 2021

How to select and research keywords for SEO?

Any work to promote a website on the Internet should begin with analyzing keywords and forming a semantic core. With the help of such research, you will determine what your target audience is looking for and how they formulate their requests.

What are keywords, and why are they important?

From the point of view of SEO, keywords are those words and phrases that users enter into the search engine to get the desired result.

You may be wondering how search engines like Google identify website content that best matches the user’s search request. They assess the keywords in your website to establish its theme and how well it satisfies what a user has requested.

Search engine algorithms include special techniques for analyzing keywords - this helps search engines find an answer for a query with the most relevant (that is, suitable) content.

Keywords are also used to display contextual advertising.

How many words do I need to include?

There is no minimum or maximum number of keywords that are perfect for any website. It depends on the keywords and the industry you plan to promote. You will not be able to predict in advance how many keywords should be included in the list for analysis until you immerse yourself in this process.

Sometimes only 200 keywords are needed to optimize your site, and sometimes even 200,000 will not be enough. Simply put, your initial research will help determine how many keywords will be required to optimize your site entirely. Most likely, on a typical website, the semantic core will consist of several hundred keywords, and an online store will require several keywords for each product. For example: "*** price," "*** size," "*** reviews," etc. If there are 10,000 products in an online store, there will be about 50,000 keywords in the semantic core.

Choose one main keyword for each page. When optimizing, you will focus primarily on this phrase. You can add 3 to 5 additional keywords to the page to help you shape its content. You can choose more keywords for the main page because it is more significant for search engines.

Sometimes the site may not have a suitable page for essential keywords - then you should create such pages to cover all the necessary queries.

Step 1. Collect keywords

The purpose of this stage is not to create a final list of keywords. The main goal is to list phrases that potential consumers might use to search for your content.

How do I find keywords for a website?

  1. Make a list of topics for keywords based on your type of business. For example, if you promote an online store, use the names of products and product groups. Try to cover the company's full range of services or products as fully as possible.
  2. Browse the sections and pages on competitors' websites and find the search queries that they are configured for. Select only those queries that relate to the subject of your own site.
  3. Fill in the gaps in the keywords for each of the thematic groups. Select general keywords that indicate the name of the topic, and specify them with additional words - for example: "product name + buy," "product name + price," "product name + city," etc.

To form a list of keywords, you can use special tools.

5 Best keyword research tools

1. Suggestions in Google and Yandex search (search suggestions)

To find keywords for promotion, you can use the keyword research tools of search engines. See what options the search engine automatically offers for each search term. One of the easiest ways is to start typing the name of one of the topics you have chosen to promote in the search bar. For example, if you want to promote the topic "keto diet," type "keto diet" into the search, and you will get the result in the form of  keyword hints on this topic.

2. Google Keyword Planner

Google Keyword Planner is the most popular free tool for selecting and analyzing semantics. Simply put, it is a convenient tool that allows marketers to find keywords related to their niches. With it, you can see the frequency (search volume) of queries with an indication of the costs that would be required to target them (that is, to serve the target audience) in online advertising.

Google Keyword Planner offers two work options:

  1. Find new keywords that will help attract an audience interested in your product or service.
  2. Find out the frequency and some other statistical indicators of your keywords for previous periods and get a forecast of the budget and results of the advertising campaign for these words.

To use the Google Keyword Planner, you can enter the URL of the main page of a competitor's website. Perform a search to get a list of queries for which this site is ranked, and save the results to a CSV file. Repeat this process with all the competitors you want to investigate.

3. Word Stream

The WordStream keyword analysis tool allows you to search for specific clusters (groups of related keywords). It makes it possible to find additional phrases and combine them into groups based on a common topic. You can perform 30 free searches.

4. Soovle

If you plan to promote a commercial website, the best platform for keyword search will be Soovle. The service allows you to find popular keywords on several significant sites, including eBay, Amazon, YouTube, and Wikipedia. This is a keyword generator, and as soon as you enter targeted queries, it will automatically generate phrases that will help you expand your semantic core. It is important to remember that this service is limited only to generating keywords and does not determine such indicators as the frequency or complexity of keywords.

5. LABRIKA

Labrika is a comprehensive website promotion service that includes all the tools necessary for SEO.

To automatically select queries for your site on the Labrika service, follow these steps:

Register on the service's main page by specifying your e-mail in the registration window.

On the "Adding a project" page that opens, specify the site address in the "General Settings" section.

Go to the "Keywords" section and click on the «Get keyword suggestion» button. Labrika will provide you with a list of search requests to be considered for promotion. You can select the ones you need by clicking on the "+" icon next to them. Or add all the suggested phrases at once by clicking the "Add all keywords" button.

You can also enter and use keywords collected in other ways for analysis. To do this, in the "Keywords" section, click the "Add keywords" button and make a list of them in the window that opens. To save the added phrases, click the "Add queries" button at the bottom of the window.

Then, in the "Search engines" section, you need to select a search engine and a region for analysis.

After saving the settings, you can immediately run a complete site analysis.

You can view the keyword analysis results in the "Keyword Table" section. It will show the main characteristics of the keywords selected and added in the settings.

Step 2. Keyword analysis and formation of the final list

If you have completed all the steps described above, you probably have too big a list of keywords, significantly exceeding the optimization possibilities. Therefore, now you need to analyze the collected phrases, identify those most suitable for promotion, and include these phrases in your main list of keywords.

What is keyword analysis?

Keyword analysis is a process of searching and evaluating phrases that people enter into search engines. The information obtained is used to promote the site in search engines and display contextual advertising. Keyword research will help you find the search terms that will boost your site, determine their popularity, the complexity of promotion, and much more. Another valuable result of keyword research is that you will better understand your target audience and how these users search for information, services, or products.

Keyword analysis includes the study of parameters such as frequency, competitiveness, and query intent.

Studying the frequency and competitiveness of keywords

Frequency is the number of monthly requests for a specific phrase in the search engine.

Studying the frequency of keywords will help you answer questions such as:

  • What words and phrases are your competitors looking for?
  • What is the size of the target audience for a particular product?

Depending on the frequency, keywords are divided into:

  • High-frequency - usually over 1,000 requests per month, sometimes over 5,000 or 10,000 (in popular topics).
  • Average frequency - from 100 to 1,000 requests per month, sometimes up to 5,000.
  • Low-frequency - up to 100 requests per month, sometimes up to 1,000.

Frequency is taken into account when choosing keywords for the semantic core.

High-frequency phrases bring more visits, but they get few visitors to purchase specific goods and services since they broadly describe the search need.

Low-frequency phrases relate to narrow topics and describe some specific needs. They bring in fewer visits, but it's more targeted traffic.

For high-frequency queries, it is more challenging to get to the TOP because of the enormous competition. Many resources strive to get to the first pages of search results for popular queries to attract the maximum number of visitors.

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Full SEO Audit

  • Probable Affiliates Check;
  • Text Quality Optimization Test;
  • Check for Plagiarism (unoriginal texts);
  • Snippets in Google;
  • Number of internal links to landing pages;
  • Number of duplicate links on the page;
  • Links to other sites;
  • Over-spamming in the text;
  • Over-spamming in META tags and H1 (+3 factors);
  • Excessive use of bold type;
  • Multiple use of the same word in the sentence;
  • Multiple use of bigrams in the text and META tags;
  • Multiple use of trigrams in the text and META tags;
  • Excessive use of headers;
  • Skinny pages (with small text);
  • Pages without outgoing internal links;
  • Check landing page relevance;
  • Pages closed from indexing;
  • TITLE = DESCRIPTION;
  • TITLE = H1;
  • DESCRIPTION = H1;
  • H1 = H2, H3, H4;
  • TITLE duplicates;
  • DESCRIPTION duplicates;
  • Not filled TITLE, DESCRIPTION (+2);
  • Number of indexed pages in Google (+2);
  • Pages closed from indexing in Robots, noindex, nofollow, rel = canonical (+4);
  • Landing pages in the sitemap.xml;
  • Non-indexed landing pages;
  • Landing pages URLs history;
  • Adult content;
  • Swear words and profanity.
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Tools

  • Export your reports to XLS;
  • Import your key phrases, cluster analysis and landing pages url’s from CSV format;
  • Printed version of the site audit in DOCX;
  • Guest access to audit;
  • Generate sitemap.xml with duplicate pages and pages closed from indexing;
  • Labrika highlights texts that are used for snippets.
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Technical audit

  • Errors 403, 404;
  • Errors 500, 503, 504;
  • Not Responding pages;
  • Critical HTML errors
  • W3C HTML Validator;
  • Multiple redirects;
  • Lost images;
  • Lost JS;
  • Lost CSS;
  • Lost files;
  • Multiple TITLE tags;
  • Multiple DESCRIPTION tags;
  • Multiple KEYWORDS tags;
  • Multiple H1 tags;
  • Pages with rel = "canonical";
  • Common Duplicate Content Issues: www. vs non-www. and http vs https versions of URLs;
  • Correct 404 status code header;
  • Duplicate pages;
  • Mobile HTML optimization;
  • HTML size optimization;
  • Page speed time;
  • Large pages;
  • 3 types of Sitemap.xml errors (+3);
  • 26 types of Robots.txt errors (+26);
  • Tag Length: TITLE, DESCRIPTION, H1 (+3);
  • SSL Certificate Checker (+7);
  • Check if the Domain or IP is Blacklisted;
  • Pages with program's error messages;
  • Check a website response from User-agent;
  • Test the availability of your website from locations worldwide;
  • Test the website for Cloaking;
  • Test if some search engine is blocked by the website;
  • Check a website response from mobile.
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Recommendations for text optimization

  • Keyword clustering;
  • Check landing page relevance;
  • Find correct landing page;
  • Find the optimal level of the page;
  • Recommendations for text optimization;
  • Optimal text length;
  • Keyword in the main text (+2);
  • Keyword in TITLE (+2);
  • Keyword in DESCRIPTION (+2);
  • Keyword in H1 (+2);
  • Latent semantics (LSI) on the page;
  • Number of relevant pages on the site;
  • TF-IDF calculation for text in BODY, TITLE, DESCRIPTION, H1 (+4);
  • Estimate the level of the page optimization.
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Keyword characteristics

  • Number of main pages in TOP10;
  • A list of relevant landing pages;
  • Recommended keyword depth;
  • Latent semantics (LSI).
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User metrics

  • Google Analytics;
  • Drawing charts;
  • % of Bounce Rates;
  • View depth of the site;
  • Average session time;
  • Number of visitors;
  • Mobile devices: traffic, bounce rates, visit time (+4);
  • Visits from sources with traffic and bounce rates (+2);
  • Information on the pages with traffic and level of bounce rates (+2);
  • Visits from cities with traffic and bounce rates (+2);
  • Visits from search engines with traffic and bounce rates (+2);
  • Key phrases with bounce rates and traffic from search results (+2);
  • List of all search requests that people used to find your site for one-year period;
  • Pages without traffic.
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Analysis of competitors' websites

  • List of competitors;
  • Snippets of competitors;
  • Labrika generates recommendations for texts based on the analysis of competitors' websites and Machine Learning algorithm;
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Check your search rankings

  • Site positions in Google around the world (+1);
  • All Locations & Languages;
  • Country, city or region levels;
  • More than 100k locations;
  • High-precision analysis;
  • Check search positions in several regions at the same time;
  • Monitor the dynamics of search rankings (+1);
  • Available position archive;
  • Download position lists in XLS format for selected period;
  • Desktop and mobile rankings;
  • Top 50, 100 or 200 results.
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Domain information

  • Domain Age;
  • Domain payment plan expiration date;
  • Website hosting;
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  • IP of the site;
  • The number of sites with the same IP;
  • NS Records;
  • Favicon.

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